Description: Since 2005, the Government has reinforced actions to promote energy efficiency. In 2005 a National Master Plan for Energy Conservation (RIKEN) was launched with the objective of decreasing energy intensity by at least 1% per year until 2025. RIKEN is the framework plan for the implementation of all national energy conservation programmes. It outlines the strategies and activities to support the Government’s energy policy through various policy instruments, namely information, incentives, regulation and pricing. RIKEN identified the following sectoral energy saving potentials: 15-30% in industry, 25% in commercial buildings for electricity, and 10-30% in the household sector.
In 2006 a Presidential Decree (No. 5/2006) set the goal of an elasticity of energy consumption to the GDP of less than 1 in 2025 (i.e. by that year the energy consumption should grow at a lower rate than the GDP).
Presidential Instruction No. 13/2011 on Energy and Water Conservation instructs leaders of government institutions both in the central and local governments to save water and energy within their institutional domain. This Presidential Instruction sets an electricity reduction target of 20%, a fuel reduction target of 10%, and a water-use reduction target of 10%.
The Clean Technology Fund (CTF) aims to accelerate the country’s initiatives to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy and to help reach the objective of increasing electricity access from 65% of the population to 90% by 2020.
Other target: Presidential Instruction No. 13/2011 on Energy and Water Conservation sets an electricity reduction target of 20%, a fuel reduction target of 10%, and a water-use reduction target of 10%.